1st semester Curriculum

  • First semester Curriculum Goals & Objectives 
    (subject to change without notice)

    Introduction  MGH page 1-14

    -I&E 1: Scientific progress is made  by asking meaningful questions and conducting careful investigations

    -List and describe the major requirements of organisms, page 5
    -Explain the importance of homeostasis to survival, Page 5
    -Describe the parts of the homeostatic mechanism and explain how they function together, page 6
    -Identify the locations of the major body cavities, and List organs located in each major body cavity ,page 8
    -Name and identify the location of the membranes associated with the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities, page 10
    -Name the major organ systems, it's general functions and list the organs associated with each, page 12
    -Properly use the terms that describe relative positions, body sections, and body regions, page 14

    - Identify the role of surgery in medicine and demonstrate effective suturing and surgery techniques. 
    -Explain the role of the medical examiner and autopsy in forensic pathology. Demonstrate autopsy procedure and complete autopsy report.

    Tissues MGH Page 95-112

    -Students understand, practice and explain how A biopsy is used to identify abnormal cells and diagnose condition. How It can tell how severe a disease is and what stage it’s at. How It can rule out cancer and how it's commonly used to check whether a lump, tumour or growth is cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign).

    -Comparing and discerning between normal and abnormal tissue samples. 

    -Recognize the four different histology tissues, their function, and their locations in the body

    -Prepare a biopsy sample through fixating, embedding, sectioning, and staining.

    -Compare and contrast dose, dosage regimen, dosage form, and dosage routes. Explain how common chemotherapy treatments target cancers cells and how they can cause damage to cells that divide quickly. Hypothesize the impact of dosage variation on the function of living cells. 

    Integumentary System Page 116-130 

    - identify & describe the different layers of the skin. (P. 117)
    -Compare & contrast the three main types of skin cancer. (P. 121)
    -Difference different SPF sunscreens & asses which sunscreen would be the best option to block UV-A & UV-B radiation.
    -Describe how the skin assist in thermoregulation of the human body. (P. 125)
    -Identify and explain the function of sudoriferous glands, sebaceous glands, and dermal nerves. (P. 124)

    Skeletal System MGH Page 132-174

    -Identify the major bones that are part of the axial and appendicular skeleton divisions. (P. 142)
    -Identify the different types of bones to include – long bone, short, flat, irregular, and sesmoid. (P. 133)
    - Describe the features of a long bone. (P. 133)
    -Compare and contrast compact to spongy bone.
    -Compare and contrast nerve and blood supply in cartilage and bone.
    -Distinguish between epiphyseal growth (length) and appositional growth (thickness).
    -Understand that bone remodeling is an ongoing process replacing old bone tissue with new.
    -Describe the different types of bone fractures and repair.
    -Understand calcium homeostasis in bones. (P. 137)
    -Describe the effects of exercise on bone tissue.
    -Explain the impact of aging on bone.
    -Identify the major bone markings (processes and depressions).
    -Compare and contrast the difference between the male and female skeleton. Example – the difference in the acetabulum.
    -Classify and demonstrate joints according to their degree and type of movement. (P. 164) 
    -Identify major articulations in the body.
    -Identify major bones and fractures on an x-ray, MRI, and/or CAT scans. (P. 138)
    -Identify joint tissue and bone injury and provide proper bone immobilization to that joint.

    Muscular system Page 178-210

    -Identify the general functions of the muscular system. (P. 179)
    -Describe the four characteristics of muscle tissue. (elasticity, excitability, extensibility, flexibility)
    -Identify the general location, microscopic appearance, control, and functions of the three specific types of muscle tissue. (skeletal, smooth, cardiac) (p. 179, & 182)
    -Compare and contrast thick and thin myofilaments of skeletal muscle.
    -Describe the sliding-filament theory of muscle contraction.
    -Define the terms “origin” and “insertion.”
    -Explain the role of prime movers (agonists), antagonists, synergists, and fixators.
    -Locate and identify the muscles, their locations, and functions of the major skeletal muscles.
    -Understand the actions of the muscular and skeletal systems working together to maintain calcium homeostasis.
    -Understand the impact of aging on the muscular system.
    -Understand the impact of exercise on muscle fatigue.
    -Identify what occurs during muscle fatigue (p. 187)
    -Explain how bones, joints and muscles interact to form a lever. 
    -Provide an example of different classes of levers in the human body.  (P. 140)
    -Determine the speedy acceleration, cadence, and stride length of an individual's gait.

    Nervous System Page 213-285

    -Understand the three main functions of the nervous system – sensory, integrative, and motor (p. 215)
    -Describe the organization of the nervous system.
    -Identify the structure of a neuron, synapse, and neuromuscular junction. (P. 216)
    -Explain the importance of myelination and how it differentiates gray and white matter.
    -Identify neurotransmitters and neurotransmitter inhibitors.
    -Understand the role of neurons transmitting electrochemical impulses along neurons and across synapses.
    -Differentiate between polarized and depolarized neuronal membranes.
    -Graphically illustrate and label an action potential or impulse.
    -Understand the central nervous system consists of the brain and the spinal cord.
    -Understand the peripheral nervous system consists of nerves that project from the CNS.
    -Describe protective structures and anatomical features of the spinal cord.
     Identify the major spinal nerves.
    -Describe the functional components of a reflex arc and how it works to maintain homeostasis.
    -Identify the major parts of the brain, their function, and describe how the brain is protected.
    -Describe the formation and circulation of cerebrospinal fluid.
    - Identify the major cranial nerves.
    -Compare the structural and functional differences between the autonomic and somatic nervous system.
    - Describe the effects of aging on the nervous system.
    -Describe the events involved in damage and repair of peripheral nerves.
    -Distinguish and understand the indications of the four brain waves – alpha, beta, theta, and delta.
    -Understand the implications of an electroencephalograph (EEG).

    Endocrine System Page 291-314

    -Describe the chemical classification and structure of hormones. (P. 293)
    -Compare and contrast the actions of water-soluble vs. lipid-soluble hormones.
    -Compare and contrast endocrine vs. exocrine glands. (P. 292)
    - Identify the major endocrine glands.
    -Identify the hormones associated with the major endocrine glands and their associated target cells.
    -Understand the impact of thyroid disorders – Grave’s disease, goiter, hyperthyroidism, Addison’s disease, etc.
    -Understand the impact of pituitary disorders – dwarfism, gigantism, acromegaly, etc.
    -Understand diabetes and its relation to dietary intake, illness, and health. (P. 310-311)
    -Describe the effects of aging on the endocrine system.
    -Demonstrate graphically normal vs. abnormal hormone levels and their effects.
    -Perform a diabetes blood test